Yapahuwa An ancient fortress and capital built in the year 1301. Yapahuwa is a rock rising to a height of 90m. Many traces of ancient battle defaces can still be seen, while an ornamental stairway, remains its biggest showpiece. “Yapahuva” the the 13 th Century capital in Sri Lanka, was built by King Buvaneka-bahu I. This fortress capital capital of the Sinhalese kings when abandoned was inhabited by Buddhist monk and religious ascetics.